The outgoing prime minister, who is announcing a state of siege, was appointed by eight of his senate presidents: Wednesday’s assassination of the president of Haiti exacerbated the institutional crisis in which the country had already plunged poor Caribbean for months.
– Three weak forces
The Haitian executive, brutally weakened by the assassination of the head of state, has put the other two – the legislature and the judiciary – to the test.
Jovnell Moss has not had organized elections since coming to power in 2017, and the orders of Haitian lawmakers have expired without the appointment of their successors. Therefore, from January 2020, at the end of the decree of the House of Representatives and the majority of senators, only ten elected national representatives, i.e. one-third of the Senate, will not be in Haiti.
The judiciary is not very good: the administration of Jovnell Moss has also not proposed judges to replace members of the High Council of Judicial Power, whose three-year term is coming to an end, leaving a council to be ousted and its president dying with Govt-19 in June.
“As far as the constitution is concerned, it is not possible to find a solution (to the current political crisis, the author’s note) because Jovnell Moss and his team took good care to dismantle all institutions. Whether we return to parliament or the judiciary is nothing,” said Mary Rosie Auguste Ducena, a lawyer for the National Network for the Defense of Human Rights. Says briefly.
– Claude Joseph or Joseph Lambert?
Hours after the assassination, Prime Minister Claude Joseph announced in April that he was in charge of current affairs, particularly the 15-day siege of the country, a rule that would strengthen the powers of the administration.
“The constitution is clear. I have to organize the elections and hand over the power to someone else who has been elected, ”he said in an interview with the American channel CNN on Saturday.
In Haiti, the constitution certainly provides for the prime minister to act as interim minister if the president is unable to attend, but two days before the death of Jovnell Moss, a new head of government, Ariel Henry, was appointed. The appointment, which was recorded Monday in the official press, has left some onlookers questioning the legitimacy of Claude Joseph.
In this context, eight of the ten senators still in office signed a resolution in the Senate on Friday evening granting President Joseph Lambert the title of caretaker President of the Republic.
“We cannot deny that only ten senators were elected, but it is obvious that they are not representatives of the people,” criticizes activist Emmanuel Duone.
The personality of the experienced politician Joseph Lambert is not unanimous in Haiti, where he is “always criticized,” says Mary Rosie Auguste Ducena.
– Call foreign players?
The Haitian government on Friday called on the United States and the United Nations to send troops to Haiti to help secure strategic bases such as ports and airports. Then they will perish. The Assassination of Joanel Moss.
A petition echoing the years of the American occupation between 1915 and 1934 was launched following the assassination of then-Haitian President Wilbron Gillum and was considered unnecessary by many observers.
“During these years we had Minusta (a UN mission from 2004 to 2017), and after he left, look at what we are doing: an almost complete bombardment of the national territory,” says Emmanuel Duone.
Gang strangulation has worsened in Haiti since the beginning of this year. Since June, clashes between armed groups west of the capital have forced thousands of people living in poor neighborhoods to flee their homes.
– Let the Haitians decide
As head of Haiti since Wednesday, Claude Joseph has the backing of Haitian UN ambassador Helen La Lyme, but the status quo has angered Haitian civil society actors.
“This is not a representative of the United Nations + who is responsible + here: it is reminiscent of colonial times and no one wants to renew it,” Emmanuel Duone underlined.
“After the Black Lives Matter, after all these movements demanding the return of slavery, this is not the time to show that foreign powers are trying to impose solutions on Haitians,” the activist estimates.