April 10, 2021

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Study from Great Britain: These industries have (mostly) excessive drinking – Panorama

According to a study, people drink a lot in efficient business. (Index image) Photo: Imego / Phototech / Thomas Trutchell

Some people drink more than what is good for them. One study shows that this is especially true for representatives of certain industries. Thus, men drink less, especially if their work is towards the sky.

Liverpool – Working in certain industries seems to be associated with a higher chance of drinking alcohol. This is recommended by at least one British study, the results of which were published in the journal “PMC Public Health”. According to the researchers, such drinking was possible, especially in the craft and hospitality industries, while the risk to physicians and teachers was low. Extremely low rates of overdrinking are not properly correlated in two professions: the clergy and the meteorologists.

“Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of physical and mental damage, and if we understand which industries are associated with high alcohol consumption, resources and interventions can be better aligned,” says Andrew Thompson, a physician at the University of Liverpool. Study.

The study was like this

For this purpose, he and his pharmacist and geneticist, Munir Birmohamed, analyzed the data of 100,817 adults between the ages of 40 and 69 for a long-term study called “UK Biobank” recruited from all over Great Britain between 2006 and 2010. Participants reported their weekly or monthly drinking and their occupations.

Men were considered heavy drinkers if they consumed 500 milliliters (400 grams) of pure alcohol per week; For women this value is 350 milliliters (280 grams). Looking at this: a bottle of 330 milliliters of beer contains only 13 grams of pure alcohol, while a glass of 125 milliliters of wine contains around ten grams. The German Nutrition Society (DGE) defines a maximum of 20 grams per day for men and ten grams for women without harm.

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Big differences between the sexes

According to British analysis, handicrafts such as construction and manufacturing may be associated with high alcohol consumption. When looking at private businesses, the rates of excessive alcohol consumption were very high among hoteliers, pub owners, blasters and representatives of the industrial cleaning industry. Very low rates were found among clergy, physicists, geologists and meteorologists and medical experts.

This study showed large gender-specific differences: for men, it was mainly the manual occupations associated with alcoholism. As for women, it is related to professions such as managers or senior managers. In contrast, the rate of high alcohol consumption among men in the professions of clergy, medicine and urban planners was very low, while it was very low among women in the professions of school secretary, biologist, biochemist and physiotherapist.

Transfer to other countries obscure

“Differences between men and women in relation to occupations and heavy drinking, along with the work environment, gender and other complex factors, may indicate how the relationship with alcohol is affected,” Thompson said of the findings. Workplace interventions aimed at redressing alcohol use in high-alcohol industries will benefit individuals and the economy as a whole by improving employee well-being and indirectly increasing productivity.

It is unclear to what extent British results can be transferred to other countries. In fact, the German Central Office for Addiction Problems (DHS) has raised concerns in the light of previous comparative studies: “The results of this study may be influenced by national occupational health and safety regulations, the characteristics of work profiles, and consumer cultures.”

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Focus on alcohol only

In addition, this study focused only on alcohol consumption: the relationship between industry groups and other narcotics was not explored. The authors themselves point out that, due to the cross-cutting nature of the study, a causal relationship between alcohol consumption and occupation cannot be established. In addition, the data came from 2006 to 2010 – after which no change in drinking was recorded.

However, precisely this change may be interesting, especially considering the corona infection. In Germany, a non-representative study by the Federal Institute of Mental Health (ZI) in Mannheim showed that alcohol consumption increased to one-third of adults in this country. A warning from the World Health Organization (WHO) says this is a transnational trend: recently suggested that alcohol consumption should be controlled as much as possible during SARS-Cowie-2 infections – and that high consumption weakens the immune system.